Endometriosis is a condition developed in the uterine cavity by the overgrowth of tissues inside the uterus. Endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus. In this condition, the tissues surrounding the inner lining of the uterine cavity outgrowth and extend to the ovaries, bowel, or pelvis affecting the normal functioning of these organs. The outgrown tissues thicken over time resulting in formation of cysts and breakdown of tissues can result in heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle. They can also lead to the formation of scar tissue and adhesions that causes severe pain in the abdominal area.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
Pelvic pain is the most common symptoms associated with endometriosis along with severe pain and cramps during the menstrual periods followed by heavy bleeding. Other symptoms include painful bowel movement and sexual intercourse. Formation of cysts in the uterine cavity can result in infertility.
Causes of Endometriosis
The exact causes for the development of endometriosis are unknown but certain factors that lead to the condition include:
Anomaly during Menstrual Blood flow: The back flow of menstrual blood along with the endometrial cells through the fallopian tube and accumulating in the pelvic cavity can result in development of endometriosis.
Presence of surgical scar: Previous abdominal surgery can lead to the development of scar bands as part of the healing process. These adhesions may get attached to the uterine wall forming scar implants.
Perplexity of the Immune System: Malfunctioning self-defense mechanism of the body cal loses its command to destroy the overgrown tissues that grows outside the uterine cavity.
At ARC Hospital, the infertility specialist conducts diverse screening tests to detect the presence of endometriosis through pelvic assessment, ultrasonography and laparoscopic methods to identify the presence of cyst formation and adhesions in the surrounding uterine organs.
Treatment for endometriosis
At ARC Hospital, our team of infertility specialists works together to conclude on the treatment plan that are best suited for the condition and to eliminate and recovery the abnormality in the body. The treatment plans are tailored after thorough investigation on the cause, symptoms and previous medical history of the patient. Treatment plans include medications, hormone therapy and surgery to ease the pain and discomfort developed by the condition. The treatment plan aims to remove all abnormalities in the reproductive system and to provide all available options to recover the fertility rate and assist to conceive. Surgical treatment methods are recommended to remove the outgrown tissues from the area to preserve the uterine cavity and ovaries and to increase the chances of pregnancy.
At ARC hospital, we follow a fresh treatment perceptive adapting all medical advancement in diagnosis and treatment approach to eradicate all issues that cause infertility or affect the normal functioning of the male and female reproductive system. We provide world class treatment amenities and facilities from a team of experienced infertility specialists tailoring customized treatment plan for conception. For any queries related to endometriosis and to know your chances, book an appointment now.