For couples having trouble conceiving naturally, artificial reproductive techniques (ART) are used. The most common methods of ART are In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Tubal embryo transfer, GIFT or Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer and ICSI or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.

Fertile window is the period in a woman’s menstrual cycle, when her fertility and thereby the chances of conception are at a peek. It starts before 5 to 6 days from the day an ovum is released to 2 days after it. For a woman with 28-day menstrual cycle, this starts from the 8th day of periods and extends to a week from that day.

A doctor should be consulted when repeated efforts to conceive goes in vain. For women below 35 years and men below 40 years, a doctor should be consulted when repeated attempts fails for about 12 months or beyond. Those above the above mentioned age limit are advised to get medical help, if they face issues after repeatedly trying for 6 months. An early diagnosis and treatment is helpful in getting early success.

The main symptom of infertility is apparently the inability to get pregnant. Female infertility is easier to detect than male infertility because of a lack of visible symptoms in the latter. Important symptoms in female infertility include irregular periods, lack of ovulation, hormonal imbalance denoted by unwanted hair growth and mood swings, presence of uterine disorders denoted by severe cramps and so on. In the case of male, some visible symptoms are erectile dysfunction and reduction in semen quantity.

Fertility id mainly dependent on age, weight, lifestyle factors like stress, exposure to certain heavy metals or radiations, smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse; endocrinology, presence of diseases like endometriosis, ovarian failure, PCOS, tubal obstructions and so on. Due to the treatments involved, diseases like cancer can rob off fertility. In men, heat exposure to reproductive organs can reduce fertility.

No. Probability of infertility is the same for both men and women. Statistics shows that about 30% of all infertility cases reported worldwide are due to female infertility, 30% due to male infertility and in the remaining cases both partners might face issues.

With a changing environmental and lifestyle pattern, infertility is becoming prevalent. About 12 to 20% of couples in the world are affected by this disorder.

Infertility can be defined as the inability to conceive or carry on a successful pregnancy after regular, unprotected intercourse for a period of 12 months or more. In other words, any kind of interference with fertilization or implantation of embryo in the womb can be termed infertility disorder.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases when untreated can lead to permanent decline in sperm count. STDs like gonorrhoea and chlamydia are known to cause a decrease in sperm count. This is done by blocking the movement of sperm. If treated well and early, it can be cured and the sperm count can be restored.

Exposing the testicular area to overheat influences fertility very badly. So it is advisable to wear loose clothes that do not trap a lot of heat. Men are also advised not to use laptop by placing them on laps. The heat from them leads to a quality decline and weakness in the sperm produced.

Regular exercise helps in maintaining a fit body and reduces stress as well. Both overweight and stress has bad influence on hormones and thereby leads to a decrease in sperm count. Being obese affects the quality of sperm also. To keep this in check a regular exercise and diet is necessary.

Yes, alcoholism reduces sperm count. Heavy alcohol consumption inhibits the production and functions of testosterone hormone levels in man. This leads to decrease in the production of sperm leading to low sperm count.

The normal sperm count of a fertile man varies between 20 million to 50 million sperm per millilitre of semen. Of this at least 60% of the sperm should possess good motility and morphology.

Semen analysis is a painless procedure where semen is collected from the patient and tested in a laboratory to determine sperm count and quality. Semen quantity is also checked to determine deficiency.

Premature ejaculation can cause infertility when ejaculation occurs before penetration. If it occurs after penetration, the probability to fertilise the egg and thereby conception is high. So premature ejaculation does not always lead to infertility.

Impotence or erectile dysfunction is the inability to have an erection to conduct an intercourse. Though it can occur at any age, it is usually found to develop among men with increasing age. It can be found in varying intensity to lack of erection to partial erection.