Polycystic ovarian disease or commonly termed as PCOD is a condition affecting the ovulation process in the menstrual cycle due to hormonal imbalance. In a PCOD condition, ovary can occupy by multiple cysts that are fluid filled small sac like structures. Women affected with PCOD can develop infertility, irregular menstrual bleeding and various physiological changes in the body.
Symptoms for Polycystic ovarian disease
Imbalance in hormone levels result in numerous variation and changes in the body and PCOD is one among them. Proper ovulation and menstrual bleeding requires maintaining precise levels of hormone. A variation in hormones influences the egg formation and can lead to infertility. Common symptoms associated with PCOD include high blood glucose levels, gaining weight, pelvic pain, severe pain and irregular menstrual cycle with anxiety, depression and excess hair growth in face.
What are the causes for Polycystic ovarian disease
The main cause for PCOD is the imbalance in hormone levels. Elevated levels of various hormones can affect the ovulation process and menstrual cycle. The major hormones that affect in the menstrual periods include:
High levels of testosterone and luteinizing hormone prevents the release of egg from the ovaries during the ovulation process.
High levels of prolactin in the body stimulates the breast cells to produce milk resulting in PCOD symptoms
Excess level or release of insulin hormone from the thyroid gland has an adverse effect on the ovarian functions and release of the egg.
Low level of sex hormones reduces the effects of hormone that are required for ovulation process.
Being obese or overweight increases the chances for insulin resistance which in turn affects the ovulation process.
Treatment for PCOD
At ARC infertility, we follow safe and effective treatment approaches to manage PCOD. This includes diagnosing the condition and tailoring customized treatment plan to control the overwhelming effects of hormone imbalance. Our team of infertility specialists works close with the patient to achieve and maintain a healthy and well balanced diet to check on overweight, blood glucose levels and for regular menstrual periods. Medications are administered with a short course of tablets to induce regular menstrual periods. These include birth control pills, anti androgen drugs and fertility drugs for perfect ovulation of a healthy egg during the menstrual cycle.
For more severe PCOD condition, laparoscopic ovarian drilling is a treatment option to destroy the abnormal cysts formation in the ovary. Laparoscopic surgical methods are minimal invasive and enables the surgeon to view enlarged images of the ovaries and cysts and enables complete removal of cysts from the ovary and tissues that produce excess male hormones. This procedure helps achieve normal ovary function and balance of hormone levels.
At ARC hospital, we eradicate all issues that cause infertility or affect the normal functioning of the male and female reproductive system. We provide world class treatment amenities and facilities from a team of experienced infertility specialists tailoring customized treatment plan for conception. To know more about PCOD treatment options, book an appointment now.